Code of conduct

A formal set of guidelines for behavior. May be drawn up by an official body, or by any other body. Even if drawn up by an official body it will probably not be legally enforceable, and it will not include specific penalties for breach. But a law could require codes of conduct (for example, for members of a constituent assembly), and in an official context the code could be relevant to deciding whether a person has broken the law or has failed to act properly. Codes of conduct have become common—for legislators and ministers, for candidates and parties at elections, and even in civil society contexts. (See appendix C for examples of codes of conduct.)