Majority

Literally, “most.” Many decisions have to be made by a majority of a particular body. But sometimes “most” may simply mean “more.” If there are three or more options or candidates to be decided upon, and the one receiving the largest number of votes is accepted, even if not more than half the people have voted, we call that a “simple majority.” Some decisions have to be made by at least half of the people voting. This is sometimes called an “absolute majority.” It should be made clear whether this is half of all those casting ballots, or half of the entire group entitled to vote. Sometimes constitutional changes are required to be adopted by a much larger majority—two-thirds or even three-quarters of the entire body.