Case studies

This section includes brief case studies reflecting the range of experience of constitution-making processes. The cases provide an overview of why a new constitution was prepared, how long the process took, what institutions and processes (including referendums) were involved, whether it was broadly a participatory process, the extent of the involvement of the international community, and whether the process led to a constitution that was adopted. The cases were chosen to be geographically balanced and to illustrate the diversity of constitutional objectives, circumstances, tasks, institutions, involvement of external groups, and outcomes.

The case studies are included to help the reader in a number of ways. Although numerous examples of tasks, institutions, devices, and dilemmas are included in this handbook, we are conscious that these are not organized in a way that provides a reader with a strong sense of how institutions, processes, and tasks fit together. The reader may feel the lack of any overview of particular processes. The case studies will illustrate how these elements have been combined.

Additionally, some of the country examples that appear in the body of the handbook to illustrate particular points are drawn from the case studies in appendix A. By referring to the case study from which the example was taken, the reader will be able to understand the overall structure of the process in that country.